The Impact of Social Classes on Javanese Language Variations

Main Article Content

Efendi Hidayatullah


The Javanese language uses unique speech levels and distinct speech codes, reflecting Indonesia's slightly varied customs of politeness. The Javanese phrase politeness rules refer to the customary politeness of Javanese people. This study aims to identify the impact of social class on producing Javanese language variation. It uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach, a study document, and in-depth interviews to collect data. The research instruments are a questionnaire and transcript of a WhatsApp conversation between two Javanese people; the findings of this research are that Social class will not affect the use of Javanese language variation if the interlocutor is of a different culture or ethnicity. The study results show that communication with the "Krama" style has a high percentage of Javanese language variation. The conclusion is that Education and social class are the factors that most often influence language variation, especially in language styles with higher politeness.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hidayatullah, E. (2024). The Impact of Social Classes on Javanese Language Variations. Sanskara Ilmu Sosial Dan Humaniora, 1(02), 80–84.


Bakti, H., & Ali, S. M. (2023). A Critical Review on the “Natural Order” of the Morpheme Acquisition: Three major Antithetical Views. Inspiring: English Education Journal, 6(2 SE-Articles).

Dardjito, H., Rolls, N., Setiawan, A., & Sumekto, D. R. (2023). Challenges in reading English academic texts for non-English significant students of an Indonesian university. Studies in English Language and Education, 10(3), 1290–1309.

Di Leonardo, M. (1984). The varieties of ethnic experience: Kinship, class, and gender among California Italian-Americans. Cornell University Press.

Gregory, M., & Carroll, S. (2018). Language and situation: Language varieties and their social contexts. Routledge.

Madya, S., Sugeng, B., Maarif, S., Supriyanti, N., Purbani, W., & Istiqomah, S. (2004). Developing a model of teaching English to primary school students. Teflin Journal, 15(2), 193–229.

Masruddin, M., Amir, F., Langaji, A., & Rusdiansyah, R. (2023). Conceptualizing linguistic politeness in light of age. International Journal of Society, Culture & Language, 11(3), 41–55.

Perez, H. D., Holmes, R., Kelly, E., McClary, J., & Andrews, W. H. (1992). Cloning of a cDNA encoding a receptor related to the formyl peptide receptor of human neutrophils. Gene, 118(2), 303–304.

Rahayu, E. T., Riyadi, S., Hartati, H., Stovia, A., Roiyasa, N., & Asriyama, W. F. (2023). Language Politeness Education through Language Behaviour Habits: Concerning the Indonesian and Japanese Viewpoints. AL-ISHLAH: Jurnal Pendidikan, 15(2), 2173–2181.

Sarila, H., Haristiani, N., & Widianti, S. (2023). Politeness Strategies Used by Japanese and Indonesian Speakers on Social Media. Chi’e: Journal of Japanese Learning and Teaching, 11(2), 158–166.

Sujarwa, S., Purwasito, A., Habsari, S. K., & Pitana, T. S. (2023). Register role and function in sociocultural practice (critical study of sociocultural practice). BAHASTRA, 43(1), 41–60.

Sukari, S., Bakar, U. A., & Hasyim, A. D. (2023). Implementing Javanese as a Daily Language in establishing Character Education at the Al-Muttaqien Pancasila Sakti Klaten Islamic Boarding School in 2022. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 10(5), 197–206.

Sumekto, D. R., Pranawa, E., Taufiqulloh, T., Ghozali, I., & Yuwono, S. E. (2021). How Does Ocha Attend Her Lectures? Lessons Learnt From an Adult Learner With a Cinderella Complex. Pedagogika, 144(4), 100–118.

Usman, K., & Mujahidah. (2021). Classroom Discourse Analysis on Language Interaction at The First Level Class of STAR English Course Parepare. Inspiring: English Education Journal, 4(2 SE-Articles).